Did the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) take poison knowingly?

September 14, 2012

To answer an objection on their ‘aqidah, that Holy Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) had complete knowledge of the unseen (ilm al-ghayb) from the advent of creation till people enter Paradise and Hell and even after that and not even a particle in the cosmos was hidden from him, Barelwis have gone as far as to advocate that Holy Messenger took poison knowingly; let Sahabah take it as well which resulted in their death.

Hakim al-Ummah’ of Barelwis, Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan, writes in Ja al-Haq p.131,

Objection 9: If Holy Messenger had ilm al-ghayb then why did he eat poisonous meat in Khyber? If he took it knowingly, then this is suicide and Prophet is free from this.

Answer: At that time Holy Prophet was aware that there is poison in this and he was also aware that this poison won’t have any effect on us by the will of Allah. And he knew this is the will of Allah that we eat this so at the time of death its effect return and we die as martyrs…”

We ask: what about those Sahabah who were present there with Holy Messenger and died after eating this poisonous meat? Holy Prophet knew it but he let them eat poisonous meat?

The Barelwi respond is contrary to sahih hadith and that which was mentioned by scholars.

Abu Dawud, Al-Darimi and Ibn Hisham quote that the meat told the Holy Prophet. It says that the meat told the Prophet that it’s poisoned, and a Sahabi by the name of Bishr bin al-Bara’ bin Ma’rur al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) ate the meat and died. Now if the Holy Prophet knew it from before, he had to tell the Sahabah not to eat it. The Prophet after taken a bite, threw it out of his mouth, and said, “this meat (bone) informed me that it’s poisoned”. While Bishr as-Sahabi swallowed it and died. Imam Nawwawi (may Allah have mercy on him) says this is from the Mu’jizat.

فأما بشر فأساغها ; وأما رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – فلفظها ، ثم قال إن هذا العظم ليخبرني أنه مسموم ثم دعا بها ”

فِيهِ بَيَان عِصْمَته صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِنْ النَّاس كُلّهمْ كَمَا قَالَ اللَّه : { وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُك مِنْ النَّاسِ } وَهِيَ مُعْجِزَة لِرَسُولِ اللَّه صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي سَلَامَته مِنْ السُّمّ الْمُهْلِك لِغَيْرِهِ , وَفِي إِعْلَام اللَّه تَعَالَى لَهُ بِأَنَّهَا مَسْمُومَة , وَكَلَام عُضْو مِنْهُ لَهُ , فَقَدْ جَاءَ فِي غَيْر مُسْلِم أَنَّهُ صَلَّى اللَّه عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : ( إِنَّ الذِّرَاع تُخْبِرنِي أَنَّهَا مَسْمُومَة