Imam Sayyid Alusi on the extremists of his time

September 3, 2012

Grand Mufti of Baghdad Imam Sayyid Shihab al-Din Alusi writes in his tafsir Ruh al-Ma’ani under the following verse

{ قُلْ مَا كُنتُ بِدْعاً مِّنَ ٱلرُّسُلِ وَمَآ أَدْرِي مَا يُفْعَلُ بِي وَلاَ بِكُمْ إِنْ أَتَّبِعُ إِلاَّ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ وَمَآ أَنَاْ إِلاَّ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ }

وفي الآية رد على من ينسب لبعض الأولياء علم كل شيء من الكليات والجزئيات، وقد سمعت خطيباً على منبر المسجد الجامع المنسوب للشيخ عبد القادر الكيلاني قدس سره يوم الجمعة قال بأعلى صوت: يا باز أنت أعلم بـي من نفسي، وقال لي بعض: إني لأعتقد أن الشيخ قدس سرّه يعلم كل شيء مني حتى منابت شعري، ومثل ذلك مما لا ينبغي أن ينسب إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فكيف ينسب إلى من سواه؟ فليتق العبد مولاه.

“Say, ―I am not something unprecedented among the messengers, and I do not know what will be done to me or to you. I do not follow anything but what is revealed to me, and I am only a clear Warner.”

The verse rejects those who attribute to the awliya knowledge of every whole (kulliyat) and part (juzziyat). I heard an orator on the pulpit of Grand Mosque dedicated to Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir Jaylani, may Allah sanctify his secret, on the day of Jumu’ah saying in loudest of his voice: “O Shaykh! You know me better than I known myself”, while another one said to me: “I believe that Shaykh, may Allah sanctify his secret, knows every thing even the root of my hair.” There are so many such things which are not proper even to be attributed to the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, let alone attributing them to people other than him. So, the slave should fear his Master.”

Pir Karam Shah and Mukhtare Kull

November 6, 2011

Pir Karam Shah, an influental Barelwi scholar mentions in his tafsir Ziya’ al-Qur’an some issues that go against the mainstream, extremist Barelwi aqida. The relevant quotes were mentioned by the monthly magazine Bayyinat published in October 2006 by Jamia Binnoria Town:

میں یہ نہیں کہتا کہ اللہ تعالیٰ کی قدرت کے سارے خزانے میرے قبضہ میں ہیں‘ خود بخود جیسے چاہوں ان میں تصرف کروں یا مجھے غیب کا خود بخود علم ہوجاتاہے اور بغیر اللہ کے بتلائے اور سکھلائے میں ہرغیب کو جانتا ہوں‘ میرا یہ دعویٰ نہیں میر اگر کوئی دعویٰ ہے تو فقط یہ کہ: ”ان اتبع الا ما یوحی الیّ“جو کچھ میری طرف وحی کیا جاتاہے میں اس کی پیروی کرتا ہوں قول اور فعل میں‘ علم اور عمل میں“۔ (ضیاء القرآن ص:۵۵۸ ج‘۱)

“I do not say that I possess all the treasures of the power of Allah, that I can distribute (tasarruf) it on my own, or that I know the ghayb through my own, and without telling and instructing of Allah, I know every ghayb…”

Pir Karam quotes under the same verse of 6:50 Ruh al-Ma’ani, but does not fully quote Alusi, when he gives examples of how the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) can not distribute things on his own. The part highlighted in red was not quoted by Pir Karam shah:

 والمعنى لا أدعي أن هاتيك الخزائن مفوضة إليَّ أتصرف فيها كيفما أشاء استقلالاً أو استدعاء حتى تقترحوا عليَّ تنزيل الآيات أو إنزال العذاب أو قلب الجبال ذهباً أو غير ذلك مما لا يليق بشأني

While Pir Karam Shah highlighted the first part only, with emphasis on istiqlal (independently) and istid’a (desire). The full quote of Alusi is:

“The meaning is that I do not claim that these treasures are entrusted to me while I dispose in them however I wish, independently and on demand, such that you can request from me to reveal signs or bring down punishment or change mountains to gold or other than that of which is not fitting my station.”

So according to Alusi, the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) can  not 1. show signs himself, 2. nor bring down punishment if he wants, 3. nor turn mountains into gold.

Ghulam Rasul Sa’idi and Mukhtare Kull

November 6, 2011

The Barelwi scholar says in Tibyan al-Qur’an (4/466) under the verse 7:188 after narrating the ahadith mentioning how the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) gave his uncle Abu Talib the benefit of lesser punishment in hell:

“Those narrations that we have mentioned are not contradictory to the stance that the Prophet is not the owner of giving anyone harm or benefit absolutely (mutlaqan), because Allah will make him a possessor of that. He is only the possessor (maalik) of those things which Allah has made him the possessor of.”

The above quote shows how the author accepts that there are some things of which Nabi is not the absolute possessor of, like for example saving Abu Talib and give him paradise.