Knowledge of Hour is only known to Allah – Dr. Mustafa al-Bughaa

September 16, 2015

The Hour is only known to Allah – Mustafa al-Bughaa
In the sharh of the 40 hadiths of Imam Nawawi called “al-waafi”, the Arabic scholars Dr. Mustafa Dib al-Bughaa and Muhyi ad-Din Mistu wrote on page 19:

The hour and its signs: the knowledge of the time of the day of judgment is specificied with the knowledge of Allah, and he did not reveal it to ANYONE of his creation, whether an angel or a prophet. That is why the Prophet (salllaAllahy alayhi wa sallam) said to Jibril: The one who asked this question does not know more than who is asking the question.

Link to the book:



8th Century Maturidi Imam, Imam al-Ghaznawi: To Claim Knowledge of Hour for any of Creation is Kufr!

June 2, 2013

8th Century Maturidi Imam, Imam al-Ghaznawi: To Claim Knowledge of Hour for any of Creation is Kufr!
It has been shown in an earlier post that the Maturidi Imam, Qadi Kamal al-Din Ahmad al-Bayadi, from the 11th century Hijri, explicitly stated that the knowledge of the Hour is not from the knowledge of the ghayb that was taught to the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam):

He said:

إن الأنبياء لا يعلمون من الغيب إلا ما علمهم الله تعالى ووقت الساعة ليس منه
 “The Prophets do not know from the ghayb except what Allah – exalted is He – taught them, and the timing of the Hour is not from this.”

Of course this is not a doctrine for which we need to take recourse to the Imams of ‘Aqidah as it is evident from the clear pronouncements of the Qur’an and hadith. But the Barelwis have attempted to muddy this clarity, which is why the statements of ‘Aqidah scholars are quoted. In Abu Hafs Siraj ad-Din Umar ibn Ishaq al-Ghaznawi al-Hindi’s (d.773 H) commentary of Imam al-Tahawi’s ‘Aqidah text we have another explicit quote from this great Maturidi Hanafi Imam on this issue, in which he explicitly states that to hold the belief that someone from creation has this knowledge is kufr (disbelief)! Barelwis must therefore distance themselves from this opinion and from anyone who holds this opinion (like Ahmad Rida Khan) if they wish to be included in the Ahl al-Sunnah wa l-Jama’ah as propounded by the Imams of Ahl al-Sunnah wa l-Jama’ah.Al-Ghaznawi’s work can be found here: page 87, he quotes Imam al-Tahawi’s ‘Aqidah text which says:

العلم علمان علم فى الخلق موجود وعلم فى الخلق مفقود فإنكار العلم الموجود كفر وادعاء العلم المفقود كفر ولا يثبت الإيمان إلا بقبول العلم الموجود وترك طلب العلم المفقود

“Knowledge is two knowledges: Knowledge available to the creation, and knowledge unavailable to creation. Thus, denial of the knowledge available [to creation] is disbelief, and to claim the knowledge unavailable [to creation] is disbelief. Iman is not established except by accepting the available knowledge and avoiding seeking the unavailable knowledge.”After explaining what is meant by “available knowledge” (like knowledge of the existence of the Creator, His omniscience and omnipotence, and knowledge of Halal and Haram), he explains unavailable knowledge as follows:

وأما العلم المفقود فيهم فنحو العلم الذي أخفاه الله عن خلقه كالعلم بالغيب الذي استأثر بعلمه وكعلم القضاء والقدر وقيام الساعة كما قال الله تعالى قل لا يعلم من فى السموت والأرض الغيب إلا الله وقال لا يجليها لوقتها إلا هو فادعاء هذا العلم وطلبه كفر أيضا لأنه دعوى المشاركة مع الله فيما استأثر به

As for the knowledge unavailable to them [i.e. creation], it is like the knowledge which Allah has kept hidden from His creation, like knowledge of that unseen which Allah has kept exclusive knowledge of, and like knowledge of Qada and Qadr [as stated by al-Tahawi in the main text], and [the time] of the commencement of the Hour, as Allah (exalted is He) said: ‘Say: None in the heavens and earth knows theghayb besides Allah,’ (Naml: 65) and He said: “None reveals it [i.e. the time of the Hour] besides Him at its time.” (A’raf: 187). Thus, to claim this knowledge [for any of creation] and to seek it is also disbelief (kufr) because it is to claim partnership with Allah in that which He has taken exclusive possession of.” (Sharh ‘Aqidah Ahl al-Sunnah wa l-Jama’ah, al-Ghaznawi, p. 88)
Note: in the link given above, the editors have mistakenly attributed the sharh of Tahawiyya to al-Babarti.

Maturidi Imam al-Bayaadi says Knowledge of Hour is only Known to Allah

February 1, 2013

The well-known Bosnian, Maturidi scholar Imam al-Bayaadi (1097 d.) wrote a book called Isharaat al-Maraam. This book was recommended by the expert of ilm al-kalaam Sh. Sa’id Fuda as an excellent book on Maturidi Aqida:

ومن أحسن ما كتبه العلماء في طريقة الماتريدية مع مقارنات واعتماد على كلمات الإمام أبي حنيفة المنقولة عنه كتاب إشارات المرام للعلامة البياضي

Imam Bayadi clearly disowns the aqida of the Barelwis and also confirms the 5 things mentioned in the end of Surat Luqman, are only known to Allah. He also states about the knowledge of hour that it is not against manners to not affirm the knowledge of the Hour for the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). He says:

“The Prophets only knows of the unseen what is taught by Allah the Most High to them, and the time of the hour is not from it.
His question was to show the attendants the answer of the Messenger that he does not know and that he does not answer about issues he does not know, and that he does not look down upon the statement “I do not know,” because that is the half of knowledge.”

(Al-Bayadi, Isharat al-maram min ‘ibarat al-Imam ed. Abd ar-Razzaq ash-Shafi’i, Al-Bayadi p. 67)

Online source:

P. 50 of the Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya edition:

Knowledge of the Hour Only Known to Allah – Muhammad Saalih al-Farfur

January 14, 2013

Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Farfur (1901-1986) stated in his commentary of the 40 hadiths of Imam Nawawi called Min Mishkat an-Nubuwwah sharh al-Arba’in an-Nawawiyyah (Dar al-Farfur Damascus 2001) that the knowledge of the hour is only known to Allah and nobody else. Under the hadith of Jibril he mentioned after the following statement in the hadith when Jibril asked him about the Hour:

He said, ‘Tell me about the Hour.’ He said, ‘The one asked about it knows no more than the one asking.’

Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Farfur said:

أي لا أنا أعلمها ولا أنت تعلمها فهي من مفاتح الغيب لا يعلمها إلا الله وما سأل جبريل عنها وهو يعلم أن غير الله لا يعلمها إلا لينبههم لذلك

“It means: I don’t know about it nor do you know about it. It is from amongst the keys of the unseen. Nobody knows the hour except Allah. Jibril asked about it, and he knew that nobody except Allah knows the Hour, only to inform them about it.” (p. 41)

Know that Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Farfur is the teacher of several Syrian scholars, such as Ibrahim al-Yaqubi (the father of Muhammad al-Yaqoubi). See:

He studied with Sh. Muhammad Salih al-Farfur ‘Tafsir al-Nasafi’ from the beginning up to Yasin. ‘Sharh Ibn Aqil’ on the Alfiyyah of Ibn Malik, ‘Sharh al-Manar’ of Ibn Malik, ‘Sharh al-Sirajiyyah’, ‘Jawahir al-Balaghah’, ‘Asrar al-Balaghah’, ‘Al-Kamil’ of al-Mubrad, ‘Tadrib al-Rawi’, ‘Risalah al-Qushayriyyah’ and attended his morning lessons on the ‘Hashiyah Ibn Abidin’, ‘Sahih al-Tirmidhi’, ‘Al-Minan al-Kubra’, ‘Sharh al-Hikam’ of Ibn Ajibah, ‘Al-Yawaqit wal-Jawahir’ and around 8 volumes from ‘Umdah al-Qari’ of al-Aini. In addition he attended his evening lessons on ‘Sharh al-Qutb al-Razi ala al-Shamsiyyah’ on logic (mantiq) by Najm al-Din al-Katibi, ‘Hashiyah al-Adawi ala Khulasah al-Hisab’ of al-Amili, ‘Hashiyah al-Bajuri ala al-Jawharah’ a number of times, ‘Sharh al-Musayarah’ of Ibn Abi Sharif. He attended after after the Asr prayer in his home the ‘Tafsir al-Kashaf’ of al-Zamakhshari and ‘Dalail al-Ijaz’ and was granted a written ijazah by him.

He had other famous students such as Shaykh Adib Kallas, Shaykh ‘Abdur Razzaq al-Halabi, Shaykh Shu’ayb and ‘Abdul Qadir al-Arna’ut, Shaykh Suhayl az-Zabibi and others. He was the founder of the famous institute Ma’ad al-Fath al-Islami in Damascus.

Alusi and Knowledge of the Hour

August 30, 2012

Barelwis love to quote a part of Alusi’s Tafsir regarding the hypothetical possibility of knowing the Hour, like Ghulam Rasul Sa’idi has done, but they neglect the other parts of his tafsir where he clearly mentions that the Prophet did not know the moment of the Hour.

He says under the tafsir of 7:187:

وظاهر الآيات أنه عليه الصلاة والسلام لم يعلم وقت قيامها.

And the apparent meaning of the verses is that he (peace and blessings be upon him) did not know the time of the hour.

Mulla Ali Qari and the Knowledge of the Hour

February 11, 2012

Mulla Ali Qari severely condemns those scholars who claim that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was given the knowledge of the hour. It mentions clearly in al-asrar al-marfu’a fi akhbar al-mawdu’a that such people are lying.

It is stated after quoting the work of Suyuti on the duration of the umma:

“He said: Some people in our time who claim to have knowledge openly uttered the lie (jahara bi l-kadhib) that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and give him peace) knew the time of the Hour.” It is said to them. He said in the narration of Jibril: “The one who is asked the question those not know more than the questioner.” So they distorted it from it’s place and said: “Its meaning is: you and I know [the Hour].

This is from the greatest ignorance and filthiest distortion.”

See page 431-432, fasl 15. He refutes the whole concept of knowing everything in that fasl until p. 435. He calls such people extremists who claim that the Prophet knew the reality of the case when Sayyida Aisha was slandered. In the end he compares people with such beliefs with Christians. The book of Mulla Ali Qari can be downloaded here:

One needs to know that it was Mufti Ahmad Yar Khan who in his works, stated that the meaning of “The one who is asked the question those not know more than the questioner” is that both Jibril and the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) know the hour.

In the words of Mulla Ali Qari: he must be an ignorant and filthy distorter of Islam.