Ibn Hajr Asqalani on building over graves


by SunniMuslim

Ibn Hajr ‘Asqalani said:

ومناسبة هذا الأثر لحديث الباب أن المقيم في الفسطاط لا يخلو من الصلاة هناك ، فيلزم اتخاذ المسجد عند القبر ، وقد يكون القبر في جهة القبلة ، فتزداد الكراهة

“The aptness of this narration to the hadith of the chapter [prohibiting constructing a mosque in the vicinity of the grave] is that the one residing in the tent will not be free of praying there, so constructing a mosque near the grave is necessitated, and the grave may have been in the direction of the qiblah, so the detestability is more severe.”

In another mu’allaq narration Imamal-Bukhari mentions:

ورأى ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما فسطاطا على قبر عبد الرحمن فقال انزعه يا غلام

“Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) saw a tent over the grave of ‘Abd al-Rahman so he said: Remove it, O child!”

Al-‘Asqalani said under this narration:

الصواب ما فعله ابن عمر لعموم الأحاديث الدالة على تحريم البناء على القبور ، وهي تشمل بناء القباب وغيرها ، ولأن ذلك من وسائل الشرك بالمقبور ، فحرم فعله كسائر وسائل الشرك

“It is proper what Ibn ‘Umar did due to the generality of the hadiths proving the prohibition of building over graves, which includes building tents and other than it, and because that is from the means to shirk with the one buried [therein], so doing it is prohibited just like all means to shirk.”

Al-‘Asqalani also says after mentioning the narration forbidding building over graves:

وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ الصَّحِيحُ وَمَا جَاءَ فِي مَعْنَاهُ يَدُلُّ عَلَى تَحْرِيمِ تَجْصِيصِ الْقُبُورِ وَالْبِنَاءِ عَلَيْهَا ، لِأَنَّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ تَعْظِيمِهَا وَهُوَ مِنْ وَسَائِلِ الشِّرْكِ ، كَمَا وَقَعَ ذَلِكَ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنَ الْأَمْصَارِ . فَالْوَاجِبُ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَعَلَى جَمِيعِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ إِنْكَارُهُ وَالتَّحْذِيرُ مِنْهُ . وَإِذَا كَانَ الْبِنَاءُ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ مَسْجِدًا صَارَتِ الْمُصِيبَةُ أَعْظَمَ ، وَالْوَسِيلَةُ بِهِ إِلَى الشِّرْكِ أَظْهَرَ

“This sahih hadith and whatever has come with its meaning proves the prohibition (tahrim) of plastering graves and building over them, because that is from veneration of them, and this is from the means to shirk, as has occurred in many of the towns. Thus it is necessary on the people of knowledge to repudiate it and warn against it. And when the construction over the grave is a mosque, the calamity is even greater, and the means by it to shirk is more manifest.”

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One Response to Ibn Hajr Asqalani on building over graves

  1. Abdul Samad Ali al-Maliki says:

    Imam Ibn Hajr al Asqalani (rah) writes in his magnificent Fath ul Bari said:

    “In view of the fact that the Jews and Christians were taking the graves of their Prophets as their qibla for the purpose of respect, and were paying attention towards them at the time of their prayers, their graves took the position of idols. For this reason the Muslims have been forbidden from this action. However, if someoneconstructs a mosque near the grave of a pious person for the prupose of seeking tabarruk and not for prostration or paying attention towards them, he will never be included in this prohibition.”

    ( Ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani, Fath al-bari, vol. 3, p. 208)

    Mullah Ali Qari (Rehmatullah Alaih) writes:

    أما من اتخذ مسجدا في جوار صالح أو صلى في مقبرة وقصد الإستظهار بروحه أو وصول أثر ما من أثر عبادته إليه لا للتعظيم له والتوجه نحوه فلا حرج عليه ألا ترى أن مرقد إسماعيل عليه السلام في المسجد الحرام عند الحطيم ثم أن ذلك المسجد أفضل مكان يتحرى المصلى لصلاته والنهي عن الصلاة في المقابر مختص بالقبور المنبوشة لما فيها من النجاسة كذا ذكره الطيبي وذكر غيره أن صورة قبر إسماعيل عليه السلام في الحجر تحت الميزاب وإن في الحطيم بين الحجر الأسود وزمزم قبر سبعين نبيا

    Translation: Anyone who builds a mosque near the grave of an upright person or prays in the tomb (Maqbara) or intends to ask for help through the Ruh of that upright person or intends to seek barakah from his left overs, If he does all that without the intention of giving him Tazeem or doing tawajuh towards him ( in prayer) “Then there is nothing wrong in that, don’t you see that Grave of Hadrat Ismail(A.S) is inside the Masjid ul Harram near the hateem and to Pray there is Superior than anything else ” however to pray near the graves is only forbidden when the soil becomes dirty because of Najasat of deceased… In the Hateem near Hajr al Aswad and Mizaab there are “Graves of 70 Prophets” [Mirqat, Sharh al Mishqaat, Volume No. 2, Page No. 202]

    Mullah Ali Qari (Rehmatullah Alaih) also said:

    وقد أباح السلف البناء على قبر المشايخ والعلماء المشهورين ليزورهم الناس ويستريحوا بالجلوس فيه

    Translation: The early Muslims (Salaf) have considered it Mubah (i.e. allowed) to build over the graves of famous Mashaikh and Ulama so that people can visit them and sit there (easily) [Mirqaat Sharh al Misshqaat, Volume No. 4, Page No. 69]

    So Indeed the Prophets, Mashaikh and Saliheen do not come under the prohibition because the grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him), Abu Bakr (Radhi’Allah anho), Umar (Radhi’Allah anho) and many other Prophets and Saliheen have remained “BUILT OVER”

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