The Barelwi website bidah.co.uk posted the following article to prove “Najdi deception in prophetic hadith”:
Najdi Deception in the Prophetic Ahadith
In his infamous “Kitab al-Tawhid” the Grandfather of the Najdiyyah Movement Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahabb al-Najdi cites the following narration as a proof against the concept of istighatha (calling upon someone to seek aid):
باب من الشرك أن يستغيث بغير الله أو يدعو غيره
وروى الطبراني بإسناده : ” أنه كان في زمن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم منافق يؤذي المؤمنين ، فقال بعضهم: قوموا بنا نستغيث برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من هذا المنافق ، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنه لا يستغاث بي، وإنما يستعاث بالله عز وجل ”
Chapter: Seeking aid or calling upon other than Allah is Shirk
And al-Tabarani relates with his chain of narration: “That there was a hypocrite at the time of the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) who used to irritate the Muslims. So some of them said: Let us all go seek the help of the Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) (nastaghithu bi Rasulillah) against this hypocrite. The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Help is not sought with me (la yustaghathu bi) it is only sought with Allah (azza wa jall).”
[Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi, Kitab al-Tawhid pg 43]
The referencing of this narration to al-Tabarani is not correct as this narration is not present in either al-Mu’jam al-Saghir, al-Awsat or al-Kabir of al-Imam al-Tabarani (rahmatAllah alayh). Nor is the wording “Help is not sought with me it is only sought with Allah.” proven by an sanad in the books of Ahadith.
This occurrence is documented in the hadith narrated by al-Imam Ahmad (rahmatAllah alayh) in his Musnad as follows:
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ دَاوُدَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ لَهِيعَةَ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَبَاحٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلًا سَمِعَ، عُبَادَةَ بْنَ الصَّامِتِ يَقُولُ: خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ قُومُوا نَسْتَغِيثُ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِنْ هَذَا الْمُنَافِقِ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: ” لَا يُقَامُ لِي، إِنَّمَا يُقَامُ لِلَّهِ ”
“The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) came out upon us, so Sayiduna Abu Bakr (radiyAllahu anhu) said “Let us seek the help of the Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) (nastaghithu bi Rasulillah) against this munafiq, so the Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Not for me is redress sought but only for Allah.”
[Musnad Imam Ahmad, hadith 22706]
This narration, if it were authentic, would be a proof for istaghatha not being shirk as opposed to what the Najdiyyah claim, as the Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) did not condemn Sayiduna Abu Bakr’s (radiyAllahu anhu) choosing to seek help from him. However this narration in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad is itself weak.
Al-Hafidh Nur al-Din al-Haythami alluded to the weakness of this particular narration in his Majma’ al-Zawa’id, saying after relating it:
رواه أحمد، وفيه راو لم يسم، وابن لهيعة
“Imam Ahmad narrated it and in it is an unnamed narrator and ibn lahi’a”
[Al-Hafidh al Haythami, Majma’ al-Zawa’id 8/40]
The silence of a large number of commentators of Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab al-Najdi’s Kitab al-Tawhid on this narration speaks volumes, when at the same time these are the very people who claim that weak narrations cannot be acted upon in Fadhail let alone be mentioned in books of ‘Aqa’id!
May Allah show us the truth as truth and give us the ability to follow it and show us the falsehood as falsehood and give us the ability to avoid it.
Several weeks ago, I posted the following comment, proving the mistake in their “correction” of Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab, and judging by their unwillingness to post the comment or change/remove the article, it is clear they are the deceptive ones and not the latter:
In Majma’ al-Zawa’id (Kitab al-Ad’iyah, Bab Fima Yustaftah bihi al-Du’a…vol 10, page 246 Darwish ed.)
رواه الطبراني ورجاله رجال الصحيح غير ابن لهيعة وهو حسن الحديث
After narrating it with the wording presented by Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab with “Help is not sought from me, it is only sought from Allah,” al-Haytami says:
“Al-Tabrani narrated it and its men are the men of the Sahih besides Ibn Lahi’ah whose hadiths are hasan.” – indicating it is hasan according to him
Note: the incorrect “correction” probably originates from Gibril Haddad who made this same mistake in his “review” of Kitab al-Tawhid.
Also, it is untrue the commentators of Kitab al-Tawhid were silent about this narration. Two commentaries I looked at, both quoted the same statement above from al-Haytami (Al-Qawl al-Sadid Sharh Kitab al-Tawhid, Tahqiq: Sabri ibn Salamah Shahin, Dar al-Thabat, 2004, p. 129; and Fath al-Majid Sharh Kitab al-Tawhid, Tahqiq and Takhrij: ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Arna’ut, Maktaba Dar al-Bayan, 1982, p. 196)