Quotes from Tafasir Showing the Prophet Did not Knew the Qur’an before Birth

In addition to what has been posted earlier about Ahmad Yar Khan, and his claim that the Prophet knew the Qur’an before birth. Some proofs showing the opposite:

لاَ تُحَرِّكْ بِهِ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِ

“Move not your tongue concerning to make haste therewith.”

It says in Tafsir al-Jalalayn ,

“God, exalted be He, says to His Prophet: Do not move your tongue with it, with the Qur’ān, before Gabriel is through with [reciting] it, to hasten it, fearing to lose it.”

And in Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs ,

“(Stir not thy tongue) to read the Qur’an, O Muhammad, (herewith to hasten it) to hasten the recitation of the Qur’an before Gabriel finishes reciting it to you. This is because the Prophet (pbuh) used to repeat whatever revelations of the Qur’an Gabriel brought down to him before the latter finished a sentence of the Qur’an, out of fear of forgetting what was revealed to him. Allah warned him against doing so.”

And it says in Tafsir ibn Kathir,

“This is Allah teaching His Messenger how to receive the revelation from the angel. For verily, he (the Prophet ) was rushing in his attempts to grasp the revelation and he would be reciting the revelation with the angel while he was reciting it. Therefore, Allah commanded him that when the angel brings some revelation to him he should just listen. Allah would make sure to collect it in his chest, and He would make it easy for him to recite it in the same way that it was revealed to him. Allah would explain it, interpret it and clarify it for him.”


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وَكَذَلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا
مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى مَا الْكِتَـبُ وَلاَ الإِيمَـنُ

“And thus We have sent to you Ruh of Our command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith.” [42:52]

It says in Tafisr Jalalayn,

{ وَكَذٰلِكَ } أي مثل إيحائنا إلى غيرك من الرسل { أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ } يا محمد { رُوحاً } هو القرآن به تحيا القلوب { مِنْ أَمْرِنَا } الذي نوحيه إليك { مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى } تعرف قبل الوحي إليك { مَا ٱلْكِتَٰبُ } القرآن

“And thus, in the same way that We have revealed to messengers other than you, have We revealed to you, O Muhammad (s), a Spirit, namely, the Qur’ān, by which hearts are revived, from Our command, that [command] which We reveal to you. You did not know, before revelation came to you, what the Book was, [what] the Qur’ān [was], nor faith, that is, its ordinances and [ritual] ceremonies (the negation comments in place of the verb on the action, and what has come after it constitutes two direct objects); but We have made it, namely, the Spirit — or the Qur’ān — a light by which We guide whomever We will of Our servants. And verily you guide, you are summoning [people], by means of what is revealed to you, to a straight path, [a straight] way: the religion of Islam.”

And it says in Tanwîr al-Miqbâs min Tafsîr Ibn ‘Abbâs,

(And thus have We inspired in thee (Muhammad) a Spirit of Our command) i.e. We sent you Gabriel with the Qur’an. (Thou knewest not what the Scripture was) you did not know what the Qur’an was before the coming of Gabriel to you nor did you know how to recite the Qur’an before it came to you, (nor what the Faith) nor did you know the call to Allah’s divine Oneness. (But We have made it) i.e. the Qur’an (a light) an exposition of commands and prohibitions, the lawful and unlawful, the Truth and falsehood (whereby) by means of the Qur’an (We guide whom We will) whoever deserves it (of Our bondmen. And lo! thou verily dost guide) do call (unto a right path) a straight, true religion.

تفسير القرآن/ الفيروز آبادي (ت817 هـ
أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا } يعني جبريل بالقرآن { مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِي مَا ٱلْكِتَابُ } ما القرآن قبل نزول جبريل عليك وما كنت تحسن قراءة القرآن قبل القرآن { وَلاَ ٱلإِيمَانُ } ولا الدعوة إلى التوحيد

تفسير بحر العلوم/ السمرقندي (ت 375 هـ
{ مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى مَا ٱلْكِتَـٰبُ وَلاَ ٱلإِيمَـٰنُ } يعني ما كنت تدري قبل الوحي أن تقرأ القرآن،

تفسير النكت والعيون/ الماوردي (ت 450 ه
ـ[{ مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلاَ الإِيمَانُ } فيه وجهان:
أحدهما: ما كنت تدري ما الكتاب لولا الرسالة، ولا الإيمان لولا البلوغ، قاله ابن عيسى.
الثاني: ما كنت تدري ما الكتاب لولا إنعامنا عليك،

تفسير معالم التنزيل/ البغوي (ت 516
{ مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى } ، قبل الوحي، { مَا ٱلْكِتَـٰبُ وَلاَ ٱلإِيمَـٰنُ } ، يعني شرائع الإِيمان ومعالمه

تفسير زاد المسير في علم التفسير/ ابن الجوزي (ت 597 هـ
قوله تعالى: { ما كنتَ تَدري ما الكتابُ } وذلك أنه لم يكن يَعرف القرآن قبل الوحي

تفسير مدارك التنزيل وحقائق التأويل/ النسفي (ت 710 هـ
{ مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى } الجملة حال من الكاف في { إِلَيْكَ }. { مَا ٱلْكِتَـٰبُ } القرآن { وَلاَ ٱلإِيمَـٰنُ } أي شرائعه أو ولا الإيمان بالكتاب لأنه إذا كان لا يعلم بأن الكتاب ينزل عليه لم يكن عالماً بذلك الكتاب

تفسير لباب التأويل في معاني التنزيل/ الخازن (ت 725
{ ما كنت تدري } أي قبل الوحي { ما الكتاب } يعني القرآن

التفسير الكبير / للإمام الطبراني ت 360 هـ
وقولهُ: { مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِي مَا ٱلْكِتَابُ وَلاَ ٱلإِيمَانُ }؛ أي ما كنتَ تدري قبلَ الوحيِ ما الكتابُ ولا ما الإيمانُ؛ قيل:لأنه كان لا يعرِفُ القرآنَ قبلَ الوحي،

ابو السعود (ت 951 هـ
مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى } قبلَ الوَحي { مَا ٱلْكِتَـٰبُ } أيْ أيُّ شيءٍ هُو[

تفسير جامع البيان في تفسير القرآن/ الطبري (ت 310 هـ
وقوله: { مَا كُنْتَ تَدْرِي ما الكِتابُ وَلا الإيمَانُ } يقول جلّ ثناؤه لنبيه محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم: ماكنت تدري يا محمد أيّ شيء الكتاب ولا الإيمان اللذين أعطيناكهما

Source: Al-Tafsir.com

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