Surat al-Muzammil, verse 15. Proof for Haadir and Naazir?


Our Barelwis love to quote Qur’an verses out of its context. Instead of citing the reliable tafasir, they bring forward their own interpretations of the verses, not mentioned by anyone of the classical scholars. An example is the following verse:
إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْكُمْ رَسُولًا شَاهِدًا عَلَيْكُمْ كَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ رَسُولًا 

“Verily, We have sent to you (O men) a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) to be a witness over you, as We did send a Messenger [Musa (Moses)] to Fir’aun (Pharaoh)”

From the above verse, our Barelwi brothers somehow try to conclude that our Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) sees everything what is happening in the world. Some of the Barelwis go even this far that he saw everything from the beginning until the last. However, when we open up the reliable commentaries of the Qur’an, we see that this is not the case:

Al-Qurtubi wrote in his Tafsir:
الأولى: قوله تعالى:{ أَلَمْ تَرَ } أي ألم تُخْبَر. وقيل: أَلَمْ تَعْلَم. وقال ابن عباس: أَلَمْ تسمع؟
“Have you not seen” meaning: were you not informed? It has been said: Don’t you know? Ibn ‘Abbas said: “Did you not hear about?”

An-Nasafi wrote in his Tafsir:
والمعنى إنك رأيتآثار صنع الله بالحبشة وسمعت الأخبار به متواتراً فقامت لك مقام المشاهدة
“The meaning is: you have seen the results of Allah’s dealing with the Ethiopian and you heard the news about it in a Mutawatir way(abundant ways), and this is similar of being witness”

So for An-Nasafi, the Prophet (saw) heard the news of this event in a mutawatir way, and this is similar to being witness of these events.

Al-Baydawi said:
{ أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَفَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَـٰبِ ٱلْفِيلِ} الخطاب للرسول صلى اللهعليه وسلم، وهو وإنلم يشهد تلك الوقعةلكن شاهد آثارها وسمعبالتواتر أخبارها فكأنه رآها،
“This speech is addressed to the Messenger (saw), and even if he did not witnessed this event, but he witnessed the consequences and heard its news in a Mutawatir way, so it is as if he saw it.”

Ar-Razi wrote:
الأول: لم قال:{ أَلَمْ تَرَ } مع أن هذه الواقعة وقعت قبل المبعث بزمان طويل؟ الجواب: المراد منالرؤية العلم والتذكير، وهو إشارة إلى أن الخبر به متواتر فكان العلم الحاصل به ضرورياًمساوياً في القوة والجلاء للرؤية،
“Why did He say: “Have you not seen” when this event occurred a long time before his sending? The Answer is: what is intended is seeing with knowledge and remembrance, and this is an indication towards the fact that the news about it are Mutawatir, so the knowledge obtained from them is certain (Dharuri) and similar in strength and clarity to the vision.”

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