Mawlana Muhammad Fayyaz Khan Sawati writes,
“In principle the Barelwis and Deobandis disagree at two points; first is the issue of shirk and second is the issue of bid’ah.
The scholars of Deoband regard believing in ‘ilm al-ghayb, hadir and nadir, mukhtar al-kull, nur and bashar, seeking help from other than Allah, nadhr and niyaz, etc. for anyone else other than Allah as shirk in the light of the Qur’an, Sunnah, the teachings of the Companions, the salaf and the four Imams. While on the contrary, the Barelwis regard these as lawful.
Likewise the same case is with bid’ah, e.g. durud and salam before Adhan, supplication after funeral prayer, cementing graves, covering graves with cloth, kissing thumb in adhan, calling adhan on graves, celebrating mawlid al-Nabi (Allah bless him and give him peace), hila isqat, tija, satwan, daswan, biswan, chaliswan and other such rituals and superstitions… To us, the real difference between the Barelwis and Deobandis lies in these two issues. ” (Nur wa Bashar, p.5 – ‘Allamah Sarfaraz Khan Safdar)