Bashariyyah of the Messenger of Allah


Bashariyyah of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace)

By Hakim al-Umma Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi

Translated by Shaykh Muhammadullah Khalili Qasmi

[Heading] It is disbelief (kufr) to say that the Holy Messenger (Allah bless him and give him peace) was a human being in his outward appearance but not in his reality (haqiqah).

Question: That [certain] preacher also said that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)was human being (bashar) in his outward appearance, but in reality he was not a human being. He also said that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is hadhir nadhir at all times and sees everything. You are requested to render solution of these matterswith your guiding attention that the heart can be contented and satisfied.

Answer: Those who claim[1] [these issues] to be right are responsible to answer the two matters, as the claimant issought to establish evidence; otherwise the first claim is disbelief (kufr) and the second is polytheism (shirk). 20 Shawwal 1346.

(Imdad al-Fatawa, 5:225)


[1] Ahmad Rida Khan, the founder of the Barelwi sect, writes in the translation of the verse ‘qul in-nama ana basharun mithlukum’, “Say, in my outer (dhahiri) human appearance, I am just like you.” (Kanz al-Iman, p.486)

The famous Barelwi scholar and debater, Muhammad ‘Umar Icharwi, wrote a book, Miqyas Nur, to prove that the reality (haqiqah) of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) was light (nur) while his outward appearance was human (bashari). He writes on p.24, “This verse establishes that the reality (haqiqah) of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) was not human (bashari), rather his haqiqah was nuri …” He further writes on p.73, “It becomes evident from these hadiths that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) was a superior nur and the moon was a nur of a lesser degree. The superior nur split the lesser nur into pieces. This power of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) is contradictory [at odds] with haqiqah bashariyyah and thus proves that the haqiqah of the Messenger was not bashari but it was pure nur.” And he writes on p.90, “Allah Most High described in this verse the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) as pure nur, which proves that he is in reality a nur and only has human attributes.”

Contrary to the Barelwi belief, Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi Mujaddid Alf al-Thani (d. 1034H) states: “O brother, Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace), in spite of his lofty status, was a bashr characterized with mortality and transience.” (Maktubat, Letter 73, First Vol., p.177)

I.e. neither he was qadim and wajib (immortal and infinite) nor eternal and perpetual, rather he was a mortal human being.

Mujaddid says at another place: “Do not you see that the prophets (may peace be upon them) are equal to other people in being bashr and all are equivalent as per their haqiqah and person (dhat). Yes, they are superior in status as per their perfect attributes. (Maktubat, First Vol, part 4, p.128)

At another place, he writes: “However, there is a status of prophethood which cannot be accessed by an angel. The status was obtained due to the element of soil, so this is characteristic to human being.” (Maktubat, First Vol. Part 4, p.123)

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5 Responses to Bashariyyah of the Messenger of Allah

  1. Shahid Hussain says:

    Have you read Tazkirtatul Habeeb written by Ashraf Ali Thanvi?

    • Yes, I read it, It tells us that God Almighty created the Noor of Muhammad before anything and that Noor was the basis of the whole creation but he never said he was not a bashar. The view of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah is that the Prophet is Bashar by his Dhaat (personality) as established through the saying of the Mujaddid Alf Sani and Noor by his Sifaat (Qualities) and other things. His Noor is more illuminating than the Sun too as explained by Qari Tayyab. It is the basis of our Creation. Subhan Allah. ﷺ. But it does not indicates that he was not a Bashar. I analysed the views of both sects (Deobandis and Barelvis) in regards to Nooraniyat and Bashariyat of the Messenger ﷺ. I concluded that there is no disagreement between these two in this issue. There is no disagreement between these two (Deobandis and Barelwis) in the matter of Ilm e Ghaib as per my study. There is no disagreement between these two in the matter of the Mawlid too.

  2. Hossein says:

    Salam Alaykum,

    Can quotes explaining the proper nature of the “Muhammadan Light” be brought forward, so that we will know the correct position in this respect?

  3. WAMIN says:

    Salam

    I am neither Barelwi or Deobandi. I am a follower of the madhab of Imam Abu Hanifah and the aqidah of Imam Abu Mansur al-Maturidi. I grew up amongst both Barewlis and Deobandis and have seeen both sides. I reject them both! I have been on Jamat and have read the books of Barelwis and Deobandis.

    You people need to seriously look at yourselves. Go into the Arab world, who is a Barewli and Deobandi? Look at the great imams of the Hanafi school:

    Imam Ibn Abidin al-Shami- was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Muhammad Zahid al-Kawhthari- was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Mulla Ali al-Qari-was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Shah Waliullah Muhadith al-Dahlawi- was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Imam Abu al-barakat al-Nasafi- was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Mulla Jeewan (author of Nur al-Anwar)- was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Abdul Hayy al-Lacknawi- was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Mufti Inayat Ahmad al-Kakorwi (author if ilm al-sigha)-was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Abdul Ghani al-Ghunaymi (commentator of Qaduri I.E.,Lubab)- -was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Imam al-Tahawi-was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Imam Abu Yusuf -was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    Imam Muhammad bin Hasan -was he a Barelwi or Deobandi, or was he a proper a proper Hanafi scholar?

    And Finally Imam Abu Hanifah? was he a Barelwi or Deobandi?

    To the people of this blog and others, STOP YOUR SECTERIANISM, and join the JAMAH of AHL AL-SUNNA wal-JAMA`AH! Barelwis and Deobandis are firqah, read Aqidah Tahawiyyah and you will see that it is teh Aqidah of IMam ABu Hanifa that small sects liek Barewlis and Deobandis are misguidance and that the majority is the way of ahl sunna wal-jamah through the teachings of the four madhabs. FEAR ALLAH AND STOP PROMOTING DISUNITY! ALLAH WILL TAKE YOU TO ACCOUNT THAT YOU LOVED YOUR SECT MORE THAN YOU LOVED THE JAMA`A! STOP LOVING YOUR SECT! LOVE ALLAH, HIS MESSENGER, AND THE UMMAH WHICH HAS BEEN EMBODIED IN A 1400 YEAR OLD TRADITION; NOT A SMALL SECT OF PEOPLE LIVING IN INDIA WHO DID NOT EVEN EXIST MORE THAN 150 YEARS AGO! SERIOUSLY FEAR ALLAH!

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