The Barelwi Sect

November 23, 2011

A new book has been put online by Mawlana Ilyas Ghuman, dealing with the Barlewi sect: Firqa Barelwiyat:

The book consists of 617 pages. It is divided in 10 chapters. The first chapter deals with the founder of the Barelwi sect: Ahmad Raza Khan and his so-called mastery of the Islamic sciences.  The second chapter (p. 210) mentions the specific beliefs of the Barelwi sect:  1. Knowledge of the Unseen 2. Present and Seeing 3. Mukhtar Kull 4. Nur and Bashar 5. Calling others than Allah for Help. Third chapter deals with the filthy and offensive beliefs of the Barelwis.  Chapter 4 deals with the teaching of the Barelwis and innovations such as building over graves, putting clothes on graves, kissing the thumbs, performing chaleeswa, performing dua after the funeral prayer etc. Chapter 5 deals with the shameless stories prevalent in the Barelwi literature. Chapter 6 deals with the Barelwi views surrounding the 2 holy places. Chapter 7 deals with Barelwism and their view of the movement for the creation of Pakistan. Chapter 8 deals with the takfir of Muslims by Barelwi scholars. Takfir of the scholars of Deoband, Nadwa, Khilafat movement etc. Chapter 9  deals with the views of scholars about Barelwism and mentions the quotes about Barelwis being in favour of the British. Chapter 10 states the list of those books written against the Barelwi sect. Books written by Ml. Chandpuri, Ml. Manzur Nu’mani, Ml. Sarfraz Khan, Ml. Khalid Mahmud, Ml. Muhammad Ramazan Nu’mani and others.

Alahazrat Showing His Private Parts

November 7, 2011

In all biographies of Ahmad Raza Khan, the incident of meeting prostitutes as a child is mentioned. The Barelwis seem to have no problem in telling how he showed his private parts:

A’la Hadrat (alaihir rahmah) was a child of 4 years when this incident took place. On that particular day, he was dressed in a long Kurta. As he stepped out of his house, a few female prostitutes walked past him. In order to cover his eyes, A’la Hadrat (alaihir rahmah) quickly held the bottom of his Kurta with both his hands and lifted the Kurta over his face. When one of the prostitutes saw what he did, she said, “Well! Young man. You covered your eyes, but allowed your Satr to be shown.” With his face and eyes still covered, the young A’la Hadrat (alaihir rahmah) replied, “When the eyes are tempted, then the heart becomes tempted. When the heart is tempted, then the concealed parts become tempted.” So shocked and affected was this woman on hearing such a reply from a child that she lost consciousness.

Pir Karam Shah and Mukhtare Kull

November 6, 2011

Pir Karam Shah, an influental Barelwi scholar mentions in his tafsir Ziya’ al-Qur’an some issues that go against the mainstream, extremist Barelwi aqida. The relevant quotes were mentioned by the monthly magazine Bayyinat published in October 2006 by Jamia Binnoria Town:

میں یہ نہیں کہتا کہ اللہ تعالیٰ کی قدرت کے سارے خزانے میرے قبضہ میں ہیں‘ خود بخود جیسے چاہوں ان میں تصرف کروں یا مجھے غیب کا خود بخود علم ہوجاتاہے اور بغیر اللہ کے بتلائے اور سکھلائے میں ہرغیب کو جانتا ہوں‘ میرا یہ دعویٰ نہیں میر اگر کوئی دعویٰ ہے تو فقط یہ کہ: ”ان اتبع الا ما یوحی الیّ“جو کچھ میری طرف وحی کیا جاتاہے میں اس کی پیروی کرتا ہوں قول اور فعل میں‘ علم اور عمل میں“۔ (ضیاء القرآن ص:۵۵۸ ج‘۱)

“I do not say that I possess all the treasures of the power of Allah, that I can distribute (tasarruf) it on my own, or that I know the ghayb through my own, and without telling and instructing of Allah, I know every ghayb…”

Pir Karam quotes under the same verse of 6:50 Ruh al-Ma’ani, but does not fully quote Alusi, when he gives examples of how the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) can not distribute things on his own. The part highlighted in red was not quoted by Pir Karam shah:

 والمعنى لا أدعي أن هاتيك الخزائن مفوضة إليَّ أتصرف فيها كيفما أشاء استقلالاً أو استدعاء حتى تقترحوا عليَّ تنزيل الآيات أو إنزال العذاب أو قلب الجبال ذهباً أو غير ذلك مما لا يليق بشأني

While Pir Karam Shah highlighted the first part only, with emphasis on istiqlal (independently) and istid’a (desire). The full quote of Alusi is:

“The meaning is that I do not claim that these treasures are entrusted to me while I dispose in them however I wish, independently and on demand, such that you can request from me to reveal signs or bring down punishment or change mountains to gold or other than that of which is not fitting my station.”

So according to Alusi, the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) can  not 1. show signs himself, 2. nor bring down punishment if he wants, 3. nor turn mountains into gold.

Ghulam Rasul Sa’idi and Mukhtare Kull

November 6, 2011

The Barelwi scholar says in Tibyan al-Qur’an (4/466) under the verse 7:188 after narrating the ahadith mentioning how the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) gave his uncle Abu Talib the benefit of lesser punishment in hell:

“Those narrations that we have mentioned are not contradictory to the stance that the Prophet is not the owner of giving anyone harm or benefit absolutely (mutlaqan), because Allah will make him a possessor of that. He is only the possessor (maalik) of those things which Allah has made him the possessor of.”

The above quote shows how the author accepts that there are some things of which Nabi is not the absolute possessor of, like for example saving Abu Talib and give him paradise.

Ghulam Rasul Sa’idi Acknowledges that Nabi has not Full Knowledge of the 5

November 6, 2011

The Barelwi scholar Ghulam Rasul Sa’idi, who is the shaykh al-hadith at the Barelwi Madrasa Dar al-Ulum Na’imiyya at Karachi, stated in his tafsir tibyan al-qur’an that it is an exclusive quality of Allah only, to know the full knowledge of the 5 issues, mentioned in the last verse of Surat al-Luqman.

Other Barelwi scholars such as Mufti Muhammad Khan Qadri replied to him in a letter, criticizing his stances mentioned in tibyan. The full letter was posted on a Barelwi forum:

Ghulam Rasul stated:
3)آپ نے سورہٴ لقمان کی آخری آیات میں علومِ خمسہ کے حوالے سے لکھا:
خلاصہ یہ ہے کہ ان پانچ چیزوں کا بالذات ،بلاواسطہ اور ازخود علم تو اللہ تعالیٰ کا خاصہ ہے اور ان پانچ چیزوں کا کلی علم بھی اللہ تعالیٰ ہی کاخاصہ ہے اور اللہ تعالیٰ کی تعلیم اور اس کے بتانے سے ان کی جزئیات کا علم فرشتوں کو بھی ہے اور نبیوں اور رسولوں کو بھی ہے اور اولیاء اللہ کو بھی ہے اورجس کا جتنا مرتبہ زیادہ ہے اس کو اتنا زیادہ علم ہے اور سب سے زیادہ ان کی جزئیات کا علم ہمارے نبی سیدنا محمد صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو ہے۔ (جلد:9 ،ص 290)
To summarize: the intrinsic knowledge of the 5 without an intermediary and from his own, is exclusive to Allah. And the full (kull)  knowledge of these 5 is also exclusive to Allah. And through the instruction and mentioning of Allah, the knowledge of particulars (juz’íyyat) can be given to angels and messengers.